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University Affairs is the most trusted news source for Canada’s universities. If you would like to reprint, distribute, retransmit or in any way publish our online or printed content, please consult the following note on copyright and adhere to the guidelines below to ensure the legal re-use of the materials.

Note on Copyright
Please note that all material found on the University Affairs web site is protected by Canadian copyright law (Copyright © Universities Canada 1996 – 2015 – All rights reserved). Specific content such as articles, photos, images, sound and video files may be subject to the copyright of their respective owners, and are also protected by national and international intellectual property laws, conventions and treaties. Unauthorized distribution, transmission or publication for commercial purposes is strictly prohibited.

Linking to articles
We encourage readers, bloggers, web publishers and organizations to link to any article or content posted on our website. No permission is needed to provide such a link.

Use of University Affairs articles online
Please link to our articles rather than reproduce them completely. If you must quote from an article in order to reference it, please provide a link to the article and only quote the relevant passages.

We have also provided our readers with the option to share our content via several social media channels. These are found at the top of each article page. We encourage readers to use these to share our content as they please.

Use of job advertisements
Career advertisements are the property of the institutions advertising the positions. They may not be reproduced, in part or in full, except for personal use, without the permission of the advertiser. However, please feel free to link to these job advertisements where they appear on our web site.

Use of other contributed materials
In cases where an inquiry regards the work of authors, photographers, illustrators, or other content creators who own the rights to their published material, we will endeavour to put you in touch with them as quickly as possible.

Use of University Affairs articles in print
Please contact us at [email protected] or call us at (613) 563-1236 ext. 228 if you would like to reproduce the text of an article from the print edition. An article’s text must be printed in its entirety unless permission is granted to publish an excerpt. Reprints for small-scale, education-oriented distributions tend to be free. All other reprints are subject to applicable charges. Please see the section “Custom or other reprints” below, or contact us for more information.

PDF reprints
A print-quality PDF version of an individual article can be made available for bulk reprints for education purposes at a cost of $1 per copy for minimum reprints of 500 copies. Please contact us for details. For PDF reprints of fewer than 500 copies, or for non-educational reprints, please email us at [email protected] or call the editor at (613) 563-1236 ext. 228 with the details of your reprint request, subject to applicable charges. All reprint rights are granted at the discretion of the publisher.

Custom or other reprints
Please contact the editor at [email protected] or call (613) 563-1236 ext. 228 with any special or specific reprint requests not covered in the guidelines above. Please specify the article title, author’s full name, date of publication, and web address of the article, along with a brief description of how you would like to use the content.