March 31, 2020 2:00 p.m. EST
Need an expert? We’ve got ’em
Researchers and clinicians working on COVID-19 and the novel coronavirus now have a single web portal where they can access a range of resources to help their work. The project, called COVID-19 Resources Canada, is led by Guillaume Bourque, director of bioinformatics at the McGill University Genome Innovation Center, and Tara Moriarty, an infection disease specialist at the University of Toronto, and includes a team of 20 volunteers – a mix of STEM researchers, graduate students, medical students, data analysts, postdocs and designers.
The site currently includes a list of volunteer and donation initiatives as well as a volunteer signup form for these calls. A work in progress, the platform is intended to be a hub with information on active research projects, relevant publications, and additional information that may be of use to Canadian research and development around the pandemic. It has sections tailored to scientists, policymakers and the public.
According to the website, the goal is to “support frontline health-care workers; expand capacities of public health and research labs; serve as a source of expertise on COVID-19.”
“We are building a centralized Canadian database of crowdsourced-lists for wanted and offered reagents for clinical applications and also COVID-19 research projects. The data will be organized to enable filtering and navigation, including by location.”
Another one-stop shop for Canadian R&D that went live this week, Cognit.ca, offers a central search engine for researchers, research facilities and intellectual property based out of Canadian universities.
Users type a search term into Cognit.ca and the platform will scour the tri-council awards databases and CFI’s research facilities navigator for relevant projects and researchers. The tool will also retrieve a relevant catalogue of licensing opportunities at Canadian postsecondary institutions and a list of patents filed for by Canadian postsecondary researchers and institutions. Users can also search by a specific name, project title or institution.
The website was created by the U15 Group of Canadian Research Universities alongside partners at Universities Canada (publisher of University Affairs) and the Canada Foundation for Innovation, with help from Mitacs, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.
Alberta enlists Butterdome
Starting next week, the University of Alberta’s Universiade Pavilion (commonly known as the Butterdome) will be a secondary assessment and treatment facility for Alberta Health Services to care for patients with respiratory or flu-like symptoms, including those with COVID-19. The province is setting up the centre in the 64,000 square-foot multipurpose venue in order to meet the demand for immediate, but not urgent, care.
“We’re all in this together,” said Andrew Sharman, U of A’s vice-president of facilities and operations. “This is part of the U of A’s effort to fight this pandemic and hopefully will alleviate some pressure on the health-care system, especially as it moves towards its peak treatment and demand period.”
It comes as no surprise, but stings nonetheless: this year’s conference of the Canadian Association of College and University Student Services has been cancelled. The annual CACUSS conference was to take place in Toronto from May 31 to June 3. The next conference is set for Fredericton in 2021 and will return to Toronto in 2022.
The organizers’ disappointment in rendering this decision is notable in the message they sent out this week:
“This is the first time in our 47-year history that we will not be gathering in person as an Association to connect, share knowledge and support each other. This decision was particularly difficult for us when it feels like we need connection more than ever. … Also, we are standing on top of our office chairs waving arms and shouting out praise to our outstanding volunteers involved with our program committee and sub-committees for all their input, hard work, and contributions to shape our conference. We know and appreciate the emotion and time you invested in helping us plan this event. We share your disappointment in not being able to celebrate a successful conference together.”
This video by incoming CACUSS president Mark Solomon (a.k.a. the Batman of student affairs) explaining the decision while wearing a onesie will probably make you feel a little better:
“I don’t think anyone could have been able to predict … even 30 days ago that we’d be able to take a nation’s worth of institutions, and take all of your student services and everything you do – all your contact points – and put them completely online. … But you did it. You did it in five days – some of you in two days, some of you are still doing it. It doesn’t come without its bumps, its hard and I’m sure at points it felt like you were driving the Titanic, and at times you felt like the band on the Titanic. … Thank you to the membership – not necessarily on behalf of CACUSS, but on behalf of the students you serve. The work that you do is phenomenal and the work that you are going to do is amazing.”
“Finger guns” to the team at CACUSS and to all the hard-working student affairs staff out there.
More history repeating
Last week we told you about Dal News’s look back at that university’s response to the 1918 flu pandemic. Today, we bring you this story from the CBC archives about a Norwalk outbreak at New Brunswick’s Mount Allison University in 2006. Come for a look at the institution’s response (including a “sick person’s sleepover” — a quaint relic from a time before social distancing), stay for all the sweet early-aught fashion.
Université de Montréal rector Guy Breton announced that the university’s bell tower will be lit up all week in a rainbow of colours as a sign of solidarity and hope. The rainbow emoji has become a symbol associated with the #ÇaVaBienAller (“it’ll be OK”) movement.
“Cette semaine, nous éclairons la Tour aux couleurs de l’arc-en-ciel, ce symbole qui devient un signe de ralliement. De cette façon, nous disons haut et fort notre solidarité et notre espoir. Ça va bien aller 🌈.”
– Guy Breton, recteur de l’@UMontreal
(📸 : Amélie Philibert) pic.twitter.com/StjrGJYcOb
— Université Montréal (@UMontreal) March 30, 2020
UPEI’s Active Living Lab is offering online ergonomic assessments for Islanders working from home.
Many researchers have had to pause their studies and cancel research trips to Canada’s North. But thanks to community collaborators in these communities, some projects will continue – albeit in a slightly different way. The Narwhal reports on how a few ecologists are getting creative.
March 30, 2020 11:30 a.m. EST
Universities offer emergency housing
Some campuses are gearing up to temporarily house those who are vulnerable to the novel coronavirus or exhibiting symptoms of an infection, but have nowhere to safely self-isolate from family members or the community. The University of Ottawa is preparing to receive 65 people in residence today at the request of the city. Trent University has made its residence at Gzowski College available to Peterborough Regional Health Centre for health-care workers who are treating COVID-19 patients and choose to self-isolate from their families. The University of Toronto’s faculty of medicine has partnered with StayWell, a non-profit that offers suites to patients visiting the city for medical treatments, to repurpose some of its units for medical residents and trainees working in hospitals. Meanwhile, Kingston public health agencies are assessing the suitability of residences at Queen’s University and St. Lawrence College as part of a contingency plan to safely house frontline workers.
Quebec to create COVID-19 biobank
Vincent Mooser, of McGill University’s Genome Centre and department of human genetics, is leading a team in creating the Québec COVID-19 Biobank, where data samples related to COVID-19 will be collected, stored and shared. The initiative is funded by the Fonds de recherche du Québec and Genome Québec and will be open as of April 1.
Studying samples from infected individuals will help researchers better understand how the disease works and who is most vulnerable to it. However, building such an unprecedented database and making it available to scientists requires organizers to carefully consider not just safety measures, but privacy and ethical issues, too. A statement from McGill clarifies the need for an organized rollout:
“The decision made by FRQ to create a Québec-wide Biobank for COVID is due to the importance of acting quickly to curb the spread of the disease. This extremely complex task will require the coordination of disparate data systems, the establishment of new standard operating procedures, and the securing of physical and digital infrastructure. All of this needs to take place in an extremely compressed period of time and during intense pressure on healthcare systems.”
The biobank team is a collaboration between researchers at McGill, the Jewish General Hospital, the CHUM, Sainte-Justine Hospital, Sherbrooke University Hospital Centre, Laval University Hospital Centre, Chicoutimi Hospital (affiliated with Université du Québec à Chicoutimi), the Montreal Heart Institute and Université de Montréal. It will make use of existing networks and infrastructure, including a biobank at the Quebec Respiratory Health Research Network, the Canada Foundation for Innovation and Quebec’s AI research network MILA.
Funding and services for youth mental health
Over the weekend, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced $7.5 million in new funding to support Kids Help Phone, an anonymous service that offers crisis counselling for youth by phone, instant messaging and text. “We owe a big thanks to Canada’s young people who are staying home from school or from work because they know it will take all of us to plank the curve. … For those youth who don’t have someone to talk to, they can turn to Kids Help Phone,” said Bardish Chagger, minister of diversity and inclusion and youth, in a press release.
Several other services are available to students, such as Empower Me or Beacon, often for free or at a reduced rate depending on health insurance coverage (visit studentcare.ca to see if your school offers the Empower Me program). Students in Ontario can access the province’s Good2Talk free phone and text service, while Manitobans will soon have access to a new provincially funded digital therapy program created by Morneau Shepell as well as a new anxiety support line.
A number of universities have also made their counselling and mental-health services available to students remotely by telephone or online, including the University of Ottawa, the University of Victoria, Royal Roads University, the University of Winnipeg, University of Lethbridge and Mount Saint Vincent University (see also MSVU’s tips for maintaining mental wellness in this time). The list of resources available to students, staff and faculty grows by the day.
U of T calls on public for donations to COVID-19 research
Several universities have launched fundraising campaigns to support students facing emergency costs due to the pandemic. The University of Toronto has taken its fundraising efforts a step further. In a message announcing the Toronto COVID-19 Action Fund, vice-president of advancement David Palmer made a plea for direct public support for U of T researchers working to solve the COVID-19 pandemic.
“Together, the University of Toronto and its hospital partners have already invested $6 million in the Toronto COVID-19 Action Fund. We are hoping to match that amount with a call for donations. The funds will be granted in their entirety within the next few weeks to scientists at U of T and its hospital partners for initiatives with the potential for immediate impact.” He noted that current projects underway are tackling vaccine development, diagnostic technology, lab redeployment in service of COVID-19 testing, ventilator manufacturing and crisis management, among other topics.
University Affairs wants you to leave you with a few moments of inspiration to start your work week.
How about a video of Santa Ono, president of the University of British Columbia, playing a tune on his cello for his many Twitter followers? He’s also tweeting out some excellent contributions to the #SongsofComfort movement, including several by UBC students and faculty members.
So I know this is pretty lame. I haven’t had time to practice with everything going on. But I wanted to respond to the many people who have asked me to play a few measures of music to send during this challenging time. I send it to you with love. Just a little Chopin. pic.twitter.com/mTOaPAC0mQ
— Santa J. Ono (@ubcprez) March 26, 2020
Need a little more soothing? How about hosting a virtual wellness party, like Algoma University is doing this week.
Or consider a digital certificate to thank staff and colleagues who’ve gone above and beyond in this time of crisis, like this one sent to respiratory therapist Mika Nonoyama from the faculty of health sciences at Ontario Tech University, where she is an assistant professor.
I was really touched to receive this.
— Mika Nonoyama (@MikaRRT) March 27, 2020
March 27, 2020 11:00 a.m. EST
Travel ban exemptions come into effect
According to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, the travel ban exemptions for international students are now in effect. On March 20, the federal government announced that international students who held a valid study permit or had been approved for a study permit as of March 18, 2020, would be able to travel to Canada in order to begin or continue their studies. As of March 26, those students may now travel to Canada. Travellers will be subject to health checks before boarding their flights and must comply with a mandatory 14-day isolation order once they’ve arrived.
As previously reported, temporary residents in Canada whose immigration documents will soon expire may extend their status online. Those who have applied for an extension can stay in the country until a decision has been made, even if their original status documents expire while they are waiting for that decision. IRCC has also clarified that the transition to online courses due to COVID-19 won’t impact a student’s eligibility for the Post-Graduation Work Permit program.
Equitable access to resources and fair dealing during a pandemic
The Canadian Association of Research Libraries has released a statement calling for more equitable access to digital resources in the face of campus closures and the transition to online learning. The statement notes that many library resources cannot be made available online due to usage restrictions and licensing agreements. In short, to improve access, CARL is calling on:
- publishers to waive access restrictions on virtual collections – some of these restrictions include a limit on the number of users who can access a resource at one time, copying restrictions and campus-only access restrictions – for the duration of this crisis;
- educational and content distributors to provide open access to video content
- course instructors to make use of open-access resources as often as possible
- policy enforcement to recognize the spirit of the Copyright Act rather than its letter and allow for digital copying to be distributed through libraries’ secure online lending platform.
The full statement is available here. It references the Internet Archive’s (archive.org) recent decision to expand access to its cache of digitized books by creating a National Emergency Library “to serve the nation’s displaced learners.” As part of this decision, IA has suspended its waitlist policy, allowing users immediate access to material until June 30.
“This library brings together all the books from Phillips Academy Andover and Marygrove College, and much of Trent University’s collections, along with over a million other books donated from other libraries to readers worldwide that are locked out of their libraries.”
On the subject of fair dealing, Sam Trosow, an associate professor cross-appointed to the faculties of law and information studies and Western University, explains in a blog post how copyright law applies to online course materials – yes, the law still applies even in the middle of a global pandemic.
In a similar, but different, vein, Brock University is (sort of) offering free “drive-in” internet access to students: they’re inviting those who need it to park for free on campus in order to connect to the university’s Wi-Fi network.
Science in a hurry
As clinical trials begin across the globe, researchers in Canada are acknowledging that they’ve had “to cut some corners.” The race to find treatments and a vaccine for COVID-19, and to better understand the novel coronavirus that causes it has led to a relaxing of the rules, such as the requirement of a double-blind study. Health Canada is simply asking researchers to document any deviation they’ve made in the usual processes.
Experts also suggest the response to this health crisis will have long-term effects on science publishing, as journals drop paywalls on virus-related studies and also relax some of their review standards in favour of expediency.
Students deserve a voice at the table in times of crisis
“Dear university administrations: Picture this. You’re a third-year university student at the tail end of mid-term season, anxiously preparing for finals, when you receive an email completely upending your current plans. School is closed and a global pandemic has wreaked havoc across campus and the world. You have no toilet paper, no food, no guidance and yet you are still expected to finish that essay due on Friday.” In an op-ed for the Ottawa Citizen, Emily Lalonde, a third-year architecture student at Carleton University, says that the rush to move to online learning has risked students’ health and well-being, while compromising the educational experience.
Quebec students – particularly those in the Université du Québec system – are demanding that the provincial government cancel the winter term outright. A petition by students at Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières calling for the cancellation with full credit but no grades, reached more than 100,000 signatures and was delivered to the education minister on Wednesday. Similar requests have been made by student groups at Université du Québec à Chicoutimi. According to La Presse, the Union des étudiants du Québec has asked that students be allowed to withdraw from the term without penalty, among other requests the group is making.
Alberta to go ahead with cuts to PSE, Ontario suspends OSAP payments
The Edmonton Journal reports that the University of Alberta is taking issue with the latest provincial budget. The U of A recently tabled a letter to the province from many of its concerned community members asking the government to cancel planned cuts to the postsecondary sector. The cuts, which amount to $110 million, come at a time when the institution is being asked to provide key resources in the fight against COVID-19.
U of A president David Turpin says the proposed cuts are deep, and require the institution to raise tuition and non-academic fees, cut back on student aid and cut more than 1,000 jobs. Global News in Edmonton reports that the UCP government was unmoved by the university’s plea.
For its part, Ontario joined several other provinces yesterday in suspending student loan (OSAP) payments and interest charges from March 30 to September 30.
Tenure on hold for some at U of T
The University of Toronto will be granting a one-year extension on academic review for pre-tenure faculty members. In a letter from Heather Boon, vice-provost of faculty and academic life, the institution acknowledged that work disruptions related to COVID-19 will have a serious impact on faculty research and teaching activities. “In response, any pre-tenure or pre-continuing status faculty member may request a one year delay in their timeline to tenure or continuing status on the grounds of the ‘serious personal circumstances beyond their control’ associated with the current COVID 19 situation. In addition, any pre-permanent status librarian may request a delay in the date of their review for permanent status on the grounds of the impact the current COVID 19 situation.”
March 26, 2020 11:30 a.m. EST
STLHE conference cancelled
The Society for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education announced today that it has cancelled its conference this year, which had been scheduled for June 2-12 in Ottawa. The annual conference will resume in 2021 in Ottawa. In an email to registered participants, STLHE explained the decision:
“At STLHE, the health and safety of our members, communities and volunteers is our main priority. We share our heartfelt support for anyone whose health has been impacted because of the COVID-19 coronavirus outbreak. It is important for us as a national community to minimize the negative impact this virus is having on our lives, our local communities and our businesses.
With the recent pandemic coming to a head, many bans have been put into place to protect the public from the spread of COVID-19, prompting event and workplace shutdowns across Canada and the world. As a result, the Society of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education has made the decision not to hold our conference in 2020.
This was a difficult decision to make as we had many incredible submissions and were looking forward to the great celebration that would be this year’s 40th conference. However, we believe our decision to not hold a physical conference in Ottawa in 2020 is the best option to ensure a safe and successful event for our delegates, speakers and sponsors.
Panels and papers that were accepted this year will be invited to present at the 2021 conference scheduled for June 15-18. We are planning that delegates will also have the opportunity to submit new proposals and/or revise existing abstracts for the 2021 conference.”
As we’ve previously reported, the organization has been hard at work supporting instructors through the shift to online teaching and learning through its Keep Teaching portal.
Your parchment is in the mail…
As more universities cancel their spring convocations in compliance with social distancing and self-isolation measures, McMaster University said yesterday that it will host a graduation celebration online this spring. An in-person event will take place at a later date. “We recognize that convocation is an important and special event for graduands, our award recipients and their families, and we are actively developing plans for both the online and in-person celebrations,” reads the statement. “Please note that while the ceremony is changing, this will not change the timing of when you graduate and the conferral of degrees for graduands.” A few other institutions, including York University, have also suggested they’ll be looking into an online solution. Meanwhile, Brock University live streamed its athletics awards gala last night.
The educational technology department at the University of British Columbia’s faculty of medicine has put a call out on Twitter for translators to help prepare informational videos on COVID-19. Translators working in any language are needed, though the department seems to be particularly interested in translating resources from English into French, Spanish, German, Italian, Punjabi and Hindi.
Other articles we have written about COVID-19:
- How three Canadian research teams are battling the pandemic
- Ottawa calls upon universities to contribute to the fight against COVID-19
- Doing an OK job: navigating teaching in the age of COVID-19
- A digital survival kit for transitioning your course online
Med students make a difference
Students from every medical school in Canada have banded together in some way to help their colleagues working on the frontlines of health services right now. From childminding and grocery deliveries for exhausted health professionals, to staffing COVID-19 testing centres, these students are stepping up and making a real difference. In Calgary, for instance, med students have helped to quadruple Alberta’s capacity to contact-trace COVID-19 cases, according to a report by the CBC.
How universities responded to the 1918 flu pandemic
Dal News editor Ryan McNutt dove into the Dalhousie Gazette’s archives for a look at how the university responded to the global flu pandemic of 1918. His research suggests the institution – as well as the city of Halifax and the province of Nova Scotia – weathered that crisis relatively well thanks to strong public health measures. One of those measures? Suspending all classes at Dalhousie for nearly five weeks. He quotes from an article dated November 27, 1918, to illustrate the differences between then and our digital age: “This year the college curriculum seems doomed to interruption, much to the joy of the slothful, but decidedly to the inconvenience of those who really want to learn something before they leave Dalhousie.”
A matter of policy
Want to keep up on policy changes inspired by the pandemic? The Max Bell School of Public Policy at McGill University has you covered with its “Policy for Pandemics” newsletter. Launched on March 20, the near-daily missive offers a look at the pandemic through the lens of a particular policy challenge. So far its tackled recession, misinformation, and the U.K.’s response to COVID-19.
A Zoom of one’s own
According to McGill University mechanical engineering professor Andrew Higgins, his faculty colleagues showed up in record numbers for their first virtual departmental meeting. How is your department/faculty managing the move to online collaboration? What’s worked so far in your department’s virtual operations, and what lessons have you learned? Let us know at [email protected], or tweet us at @UA_magazine.
And speaking of Zoom, King’s University College, affiliated with Western University, has moved its student recruitment efforts to the video-conference platform. Enrolment services staffers are holding Zoom office hours from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. every day.
March 25, 2020 12:00 p.m. EST
But what is “essential”?
Canada’s two most populous provinces have ordered the closure of all non-essential, in-person workplaces, and it’s raising the question of just what, exactly, is considered an essential service on a university campus. At the University of Toronto, for example, residences, campus police, food services, maintenance and IT will stay open and employees will continue to report to work on campus. Labs and offices conducting COVID-19 research have, understandably, been exempted as have projects deemed “time-sensitive and critical.”
Student funding update
More universities are offering emergency funds for students in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. At Vancouver Island University, the student union and VIU Foundation have each donated $75,000 to help establish an emergency bursary fund for students. The university has launched a crowdfunding website for the fund, with a goal of raising an additional $100,000 by the end of May.
Université de Sherbrooke, meanwhile, has pledged $500,000 to support students facing financial hardship in light of job losses and sudden additional costs related to the pandemic. Details on how to access funding will be available to students by Monday. And the university has put a four-month pause on billing for interest charges on unpaid tuition fees.
The University of New Brunswick is offering any student registered from the winter 2020 term up to $1,000 to help cover urgent travel fees and living costs.
Most provinces have now followed the federal government’s lead in suspending student loan payments for a six-month period. In the past week, Newfoundland, B.C., Quebec, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Nova Scotia and PEI have all announced loan-relief measures.
Canada shuts military colleges – finally
On Tuesday afternoon, Canadian Armed Forces announced the cancellation of in-person training at the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario, and in St-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec. The cancellations come more than a week after postsecondary institutions in both provinces cancelled on-campus classes.
Department of Defence employees raised concerns about RMC maintaining courses despite the federal government’s persistent call for self-isolation, social distancing and the suspension of non-essential travel and business — as well as both provincial governments having declared a state of emergency. La Presse notes that as of March 20, the department reported three of its employees had contracted COVID-19 and had unwittingly returned to work.
Office hours for teaching and learning questions
Having a hard time with the transition to online teaching and testing? The Maple League is hosting online “office hours” with faculty experts to help! The Maple League is posting upcoming topics for their virtual office hours on Twitter. Today’s topic: adapting assessments and exams.
There’s a podcast for that
The University of Calgary has launched COVIDcast. The (weekly?) podcast features U of C experts answering questions and exploring issues related to COVID-19 and the novel coronavirus that causes the illness. The first episode, which went live on March 23, has public health expert Bill Ghali, U of C’s vice-president, research, talking about the impact of COVID-19 on research activity, the treatment of other illnesses, and the coordinated response by public health officials.
Work-integrated learning adapts
Riipen, a Canadian-made platform that administers online experiential education opportunities, has waived subscription fees for the spring-summer terms. The software allows universities to continue work-integrated-learning programs, with students participating remotely in co-ops, internships and related coursework.
International students stuck in Canada
Canada attracts more than 400,000 international students to its postsecondary institutions every year. While many of those students have found their way home, some are stuck here. The CBC reports that those remaining students are feeling “increasingly isolated, lonely and worried,” and outlines what universities are doing to try and help. The Journal de Montréal also reports that international students in Quebec are stressed about how they’ll afford to stay in the country while they wait for their visas to be extended.
March 24, 2020 10:45 a.m. EST
Diagnostic expertise (and childcare) needed for COVID-19 testing
The Moriarty Lab, an infectious diseases research lab led by Tara Moriarty at the University of Toronto, put a call out on Twitter for Canadian researchers, senior PhD students, postdocs and lab technicians who can help with COVID-19 testing in public health labs – including those who can lend a hand with childcare. Scientists with relevant experience and skills are urged to sign up with the lab online.
— Moriarty Lab (@MoriartyLab) March 20, 2020
New funding for R&D and manufacturing in fight against COVID-19
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced that $275 million has been earmarked for the research, development and production of medical equipment and treatments for COVID-19 as well as a vaccine against the novel coronavirus that causes the respiratory disease. The funding, part of the federal government’s $1-billion COVID-19 Response Fund, is intended “to quickly mobilize Canadian researchers and life sciences companies” and will be used to support research projects that are already underway.
As with other emergency funding measures the government has unveiled in the past week, the research funding will largely come through existing programs. Notably, $192 million will be distributed to new projects under the new Strategic Innovation Fund’s COVID-19 stream.
Funding will also go to infectious disease research, clinical trials and bio-manufacturing at the University of Saskatchewan’s Vaccine and Infectious Disease Organization – International Vaccine Centre (VIDO-InterVac). The Canada Foundation for Innovation will add $11 million with another $12 million coming from Western Economic Diversification’s Regional Economic Growth Through Innovation program.
Some $15 million will fund upgrades to the National Research Council’s Human Health Therapeutics biomanufacturing facility in Montreal for the eventual mass production of promising vaccine candidates. The NRC will also receive money to organize the Pandemic Response Challenge Program and the COVID-19 Challenges Procurement Program.
Read more about the NRC’s extensive COVID-19 response programs here, and other projects that the federal government will fund, according a statement released yesterday.
The prime minister also called upon postsecondary institutions and entreprises of all sizes to donate supplies to the fight against COVID-19 and the novel coronavirus. A list of needed services and items, including disposable surgical masks and hand sanitizer, has been posted to the Public Works and Government Services Canada website.
The University of Calgary’s faculty of graduate studies has put together a comprehensive guide for “effective remote supervision.” It’s a useful resource for supervisors and grad students alike, with tips on project management, setting up a workspace, and practical considerations for conducting research.
Mitacs cancels internships
Mitacs has cancelled its prestigious Globalink Research Internship program for this summer. However, the call for 2021 participants continues. Current Globalink Research Award winners are expected to continue their work remotely.
Ryerson University’s Student Life team is hosting streaming movie viewings at noon (ET) every day this week. Join them through the Netflix Party web browser extension.
March 20, 2020 10:45 a.m. EST
According to Ken Steele, 14 campuses are reporting 21 confirmed or presumptive cases of COVID-19. The list now includes Western University, the University of Alberta and the University of Victoria.
Some international students exempt from travel ban
The Government of Canada has clarified that international students who held a valid study permit, or had been approved for a study permit, on March 18, 2020, would be exempt from federal air-travel restrictions. The exemption will allow international students to return to Canada to resume their studies once exams and courses resume. Study-permit applicants who were approved after the travel restriction took effect on March 18 are not exempt from the air-travel restrictions. The exempted travellers will be subject to mandatory health checks upon boarding and leaving their flights, and should self-isolate for 14 days once in Canada.
Universities offer emergency student funding
Université Laval has established an emergency fund for students facing a financial crisis as a result of the pandemic. At a press conference on Thursday, university president Sophie D’Amours said the fund was created in a show of solidarity with students who suddenly find themselves unemployed due to business closures and layoffs. While it’s not yet clear how much each student will be entitled to, the president underlined that the pool of money, which will be primarily funded by donations through the university’s not-for-profit foundation, is intended as a last resort.
The University of Toronto has also made emergency funds available to undergraduate students affected by COVID-19. The Emergency Undergraduate Grant is available to domestic and international undergrads in need of need immediate, short-term funding because of unexpected expenses related to the novel coronavirus.
Meanwhile, Laurentian University has raised $80,000 in emergency funds for students. Each student is eligible for up to $500 to help cover emergency costs, like those related to moving or to accessing high-speed internet for online courses.
U of Calgary opts for pass/fail
Students at the University of Calgary will have the choice to receive a letter grade for their winter term courses, or to opt for pass/fail. The news comes after the University of Alberta extended the same offer to students late last week. In a statement, U of C’s provost and vice-president, academic, Dru Marshall explained how the process will work once grades are release on May 12:
“Courses with ‘Credit Received’ (CR) or ‘Fail’ will not be included in GPA calculations. CR grades will still count towards their degree completion requirements. A [letter] grade of ‘D’ and better will qualify for the ‘Credit Received’ notation for undergraduate courses. For graduate courses, a grade of ‘B-’ or better will qualify for the ‘Credit Received’ notation. Students will have until May 22 to indicate their choice.” The course withdrawal period has also been extended to April 15.
Student-loan relief in PEI
On Friday, Prince Edward Island’s Education and Lifelong Learning Minster Brad Trivers announced a six-month suspension on provincial student loan repayments.
What it’s like to have COVID-19
A 22-year-old McGill University student recounts her experience with the disease, caused by the novel coronavirus, which she contracted after travelling to Miami for spring break. “I didn’t think I had the virus. Even up until the day I went to get tested, I still didn’t think I had it,” the student says. After returning to Canada, the student, who had mild cold symptoms, continued to attend events on campus.
Tips: financial planning, defending your diss, community engagement
In this YFile Q&A, York University’s Amin Mawani, associate professor of taxation and academic director of the Health Industry Management Program at the Schulich School of Business, offers advice on how faculty, staff and students can approach financial preparedness in light of the novel coronavirus outbreak.
Have you suddenly found yourself preparing to defend your PhD dissertation online instead of in person? Susanna Mitro, who successfully defended her research in population health sciences at Harvard University on Friday, shares her #distancedefense tips. A few nuggets: leave space in your slides to accommodate a videoconferencing window, have a Plan B in case your wifi cuts out, and “embrace opportunities for joy!”
Simon Fraser University’s Public Square has compiled an excellent list of resources for community engagement in a time of social distancing. Resources listed range from tips for keeping socially connected, online arts and cultural events, grassroots and local community support, and kid-friendly media recommendations for parents.
March 20, 2020 10:15 a.m. EST
It’s official: no in-person Congress
The Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences confirmed last night that this year’s Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences won’t be taking place as planned at Western University from May 30 to June 5. The annual conference, which brings together some 70 scholarly associations and more than 8,000 attendees from Canada and abroad, will instead move to an online platform that has yet to be determined. Associations interested in participating in the virtual Congress have until March 27 to confirm their interest with FedCan.
The organization will be hosting a webinar preview of the virtual format for association representatives next week. Details about the webinar, the adapted conference, cancellation and refund procedures will follow.
“Moving Congress online is going to be a learning curve for everyone involved, but also a unique opportunity we can embrace together. Thank you, and we look forward to the opportunity to work with you to bring a virtual Congress to life,” reads the official statement.
No letter grades
There has been some speculation on social media about whether instructors may resort to pass/fail grades for their students this term, rather than letter grades. According to the University of Alberta’s student newspaper The Gateway, this is now the case at the university: “Both undergraduate and graduate students will receive either a CR, IN or NC on their transcript of classes for this semester denoting ‘credit,’ ‘incomplete,’ or ‘non-credit’ respectively. The designation will bear no weight in calculating a student’s grade point average. … Exemptions to this grading scheme may be established by deans for reasons related to accreditation or licensure requirements.”
The university’s academic standards committee also approved a motion “amending all university transcripts being issued this semester to include an explanation of what the new grading codes mean and why no letter grade was issued during the COVID-19 pandemic.”
U of A president, David Turpin, said the measures will ensure students can progress despite the challenging circumstances presented during the COVID-19 pandemic. “These changes will help alleviate concerns students are facing and give clarity on what to expect moving forward,” he said.
Spring and summer terms
More universities, including Brock University, Carleton University and Saint Mary’s University, have announced they will be delivering spring and summer sessions through distance learning only. There will be no in-person classes, therefore, at least until the fall term. Expect many more, if not all, universities to follow suit. Most universities have also extended course withdrawal dates without penalty for the winter term.
More rapid-response research funding from feds
On Thursday, Minister of Health Patty Hajdu announced $25 million in research funding for COVID-19 research projects. The funds are part of a $275-million package the prime minister had introduced on March 11. This influx of money adds 49 new research projects to the 47 projects unveiled on March 6.
More potential COVID-19 cases associated with universities
Yesterday, Dalhousie University president Deep Saini sent a message alerting to community to a presumptive case of COVID-19 at the institution. He affirmed that anyone who had not been contacted directly by Nova Scotia Public Health is not considered at risk of contracting the illness.
Nova Scotia Public Health also advised the public of a potential low-risk exposure to COVID-19 at two Halifax locations that hosted a provincial high school basketball tournament between March 5 and March 7. One of those locations is the Homburg Athletic Centre gymnasium at Saint Mary’s University. The health agency notes that anyone who was at a high risk of exposure has already been identified and contacted.
Yes, we already singled him out in an earlier update, but another lesson in empathy and compassion from Carleton University’s president Benoit Antoine-Bacon in his letter to the community this morning:
“Every single one of us deserves thanks and congratulations for playing our part in keeping ourselves and others safe, in helping to flatten the curve, in keeping our required services going on- and off-campus, and for preserving the integrity of our academic mission by swiftly and efficiently moving all our courses to online and other modes of distance learning within a short week!
I can’t thank everyone individually, but I can recognize many – but by no means all – of the key groups who have distinguished themselves this week, starting with all teaching staff and students who connected online, with flexibility and compassion, and were there to support one another. …
To all the great people who were on campus this week to keep us safe, to ensure our IT and online learning systems performed well … to make sure our students still in residence were taken care of and well fed … to offer health and counselling appointments to whoever needed it, to help in moving our courses online on such a tight timeline … THANK YOU!
I would like to tip my hat to all our union leaders who as always have represented their members professionally and effectively, while at the same time showing remarkable collaboration and flexibility in service to our students and community. The same can be said of our student leaders who have shown tremendous courage and grace under pressure throughout the week.
And I would be remiss if I didn’t honour the frontline leadership of Department Chairs, Program Supervisors, Associate Deans, Administrative Managers and Directors, and all those we all counted on to make daily decisions in a way that wisely balanced safety and the wellbeing of our community, the needs of students, faculty and staff, and the continuity of our operations and academic mission.”
March 19, 2020 11:00 a.m. EST
The number of major new announcements from universities has slowed since yesterday. Updates consist mainly of campuses continuing to close facilities and maintaining only basic essential services. Most university staff are being asked to work remotely.
As well, students are increasingly being told to vacate residences where possible, and some universities have said they will be offering rebates on residence fees for students because of the truncated academic year.
Some universities have also already announced that there will be no face-to-face instruction for courses offered in the spring/summer session. Several universities have cancelled spring convocation, and many more will certainly follow. As Alex Usher commented this morning in his usual cheeky manner, “For any given issue, find the institution with the most extreme, comprehensive response and everyone will be there in a week or sooner.”
The next big step for universities is the major transition to online learning for the remainder of the term. Some universities planned to have faculty restart their teaching as of today, but many are taking a pause until at least Monday to sort things out.
Would you like to share with us how your transition to online is going, or any other stories of cooperation, coordination or resilience in these unprecedented times? Write to [email protected].
A shout-out to a couple of people doing a great job offering updates from across the country. Nicole Crozier, who, according to her personal website, is a student affairs professional working in orientation at the University of Victoria and a master’s student studying educational technology, has been posting all the latest COVID-19 university announcements on her Twitter feed. And, well-known higher education consultant Ken Steele has been doing a comprehensive daily wrap-up at his Eduvation website.
We also remind you to check all the latest headlines on our daily media scan.
As we mentioned yesterday, as part of the Prime Minister’s $82-billion economic aid package, students who are currently repaying Canada Student Loans will be able to suspend payments on those loans for six months, interest-free. And now, the Alberta government has also announced a nearly identical six-month repayment moratorium on Alberta student loans, essentially creating a grace period for loan repayments until September.
Research funding updates
We thank Carleton University for this comprehensive list of links to funding agency updates.
Federal Tri-Agency (SSHRC/NSERC/CIHR)
- NSERC Program Specific Information (CRD, Alliance, Synergy\Polanyi\Brockhouse\Herzberg Awards, Ideas to Innovation) and other general program information (March 17, 2020)
- Tri-agency: Message on COVID 19 (March 16, 2020)
- Tri-Agency: COVID-19 pandemic affect on various policies, programs and operations (March 13, 2020)
- Tri-Agency: Eligibility of Travel Fees for disruptions caused by COVID 19 (March 6, 2020)
- NSERC Alliance Webinars – POSTPONED
- SSHRC Partnership Engagement Grants (PEG): Deadline Extension
- COVID-19 Update on 2020 Innovation Fund Competition and other CFI activities
- Update on COVID-19 (Coronavirus)
March 18, 2020 2:45 p.m. EST
Student loan relief
Prime Minister Trudeau announced an $82-billion economic package this morning to address COVID-19: $27 billion in direct support to Canadians and $55 billion in tax deferrals. Of particular note for students, among the many measures announced, there will be “a six-month interest-free moratorium on the repayment of Canada Student Loans for all individuals currently in the process of repaying these loans.”
Carleton University president Benoit-Antoine Bacon is getting praise for his compassionate and informative messaging to the campus community during these trying times. “Days ahead of the curve and prioritizing students, staff, and the greater Ottawa community every step of the way,” commented Dwaine A. Taylor. A “consistently empathetic, responsive, authentic tone,” added Caroline Kealey.
Among some of Dr. Bacon’s entreaties: “As we continue to navigate these uncharted waters, please take care of yourself and each other … our commitment to knowledge and to each other will always prevail.” His latest Message from the President can be found here.
U of Lethbridge member self-isolating
The University of Lethbridge announced yesterday that a “member of our campus community has reported to us that their partner, who recently returned from an international trip, has tested positive for COVID-19. The affected individual has not been on campus since returning, however our community member has.” Those who were in close contact with the community member have been informed, says the university, and were asked to self-isolate.
University of Calgary student Nirav Saini contacted UA to say he recently started a petition calling for greater drive-through COVID-19 testing nationwide. “When I heard that one of the students at the University of Calgary tested positive … it brought the reality very close to the heart. I had to go through testing and now I am self-isolating alone in my basement. I started this petition after realizing how scary it could be to wait to get tested and then for the results to come back.” It has received over 4,000 signatures in two days.
March 18, 2020 9:30 a.m. EST
Universities, in their actions, are now primarily responding to provincial public health declarations. The governments of Ontario, Alberta and B.C. each declared official emergencies on Tuesday, empowering their governments to enforce restrictions such as social distancing with fines or other penalties. All K-12 schools are closed. The Quebec government ordered all educational facilities, from daycares to universities, closed last Friday.
As a result, while most universities report that their campuses remain open, they are closing libraries and recreation facilities, ending all non-essential research, and moving student services online. We are also seeing campuses move towards an “essential services model.” Ryerson University explains what this means for its students, staff and faculty:
“Essential services are those that are necessary to enable our university to ensure the health and safety of our students, faculty and staff; to preserve critical infrastructure, minimize serious environmental damage, and continue the delivery of administrative functions required to support core organizational priorities.” Among the essential services required to continue operating on campus are community safety and security, computing and communication services, facilities management, and the medical centre.
Note, as we reported yesterday, that many universities are requesting all students to leave campus residences unless they simply have nowhere else to go.
Read also: Academic freedom in the time of coronovirus
The last class
The University of Northern British Columbia officially ended face-to-face classes as of midnight Pacific Time yesterday, March 17. If you were a student attending an evening class at UNBC last night, or a professor teaching one, congratulations! This was likely the last in-person class to be taught at a university in Canada for the 2019-2020 academic year.
UNBC had originally planned to end in-person classes as of end-of-day today, March 18, but pushed the deadline up a day. Ditto for Memorial University, which also moved up the deadline for suspension of all classes by 24 hours, to end-of-day yesterday.
The 2020 Canadian Association for University Continuing Education Conference and annual general meeting scheduled for May 26-28, in Calgary, has been postponed until spring 2021.
The Acfas annual conference scheduled to take place May 4 to 8 at Université de Sherbrooke and Bishop’s University has been canceled. “This is the first time in 87 years that Acfas will not hold its annual congress and that the French-speaking scientific community will not be able to come together,” the association wrote in a statement published on Tuesday. Those who have registered for the conference will receive information on reimbursement arrangements in the coming weeks.
So far, there has been no announcement about the cancellation or postponement of the Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences, scheduled for May 30 to June 5 at Western University in London, Ontario. An announcement from the Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences is expected today.
Admissions this fall
Alex Usher, president of Toronto-based consulting firm Higher Education Strategy Associates, was speculating in his daily blog this morning about the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on university admissions this coming fall – and the scenarios he paints are not encouraging.
Campus open houses in the spring are often important for regional and smaller universities to attract prospective students – many of these institutions say “that the campus visit is the most important tool they have to pull students in from the larger urban centres,” he writes. But, of course, all such visits are now cancelled indefinitely.
So how will students make decisions? “That’s anyone’s guess … Institutions in large cities will probably see higher yields this year (that is, a greater fraction of the students they admit will show up) and those in smaller cities will see lower ones … Financial consequences will flow from this.”
As far as international recruitment is concerned, the situation “is so up in the air I am not sure I can write sensibly about it.” One of the main concerns is that international students might not be able to take the necessary language tests (such as TOEFL) or other placement examinations to be admitted for studying in Canada.
And then the kicker: when, he wonders, will universities even be back open again? “At this point in the cycle it’s not clear institutions are going to open in September.”
Missing your gym routine? The University of Manitoba’s recreation services has started posting home workouts on their YouTube channel.
The Owens Gallery at Mount Allison University wants to help keep you creatively sharp. They’re tweeting drawing prompts under the hashtag #OwensDailyDraw.
Biohacker Andrew Pelling has relocated a long-term lab experiment from the University of Ottawa to his … house. Follow the Twitter thread on how he DIY’d his home lab – and stay for the daily cocktail recommendations. (And read more about Dr. Pelling’s fascinating work in our feature profile from 2017.)
March 17, 2020 3:30 p.m. EST
Updates from funders
On Monday, Canada’s Tri-Agencies (SSHRC, NSERC and CIHR) posted a joint update alerting the research community that the granting councils are modifying business operations in light of social distancing, though the update didn’t provide much in the way of detail. According to the statement, the agencies “recognize that the COVID-19 pandemic may affect your work, your ability to conduct and to review research, and your ability to prepare and submit publications or grant and scholarship applications. We understand that some research could be jeopardized or slowed down; the preparation of research and financial reports may be delayed; and meetings, events, and travel plans might also be affected. The granting agencies will continue to support the research community as we adapt to these challenges.” They add that any changes or adaptations will be made on a program-by-program basis, and will be communicated by the relevant granting council on their respective websites.
Meanwhile, the Canada Council for the Arts recommends that grant recipients closely document any lost revenue due to event cancellations or deferrals that are directly related to COVID-19. “There is no single person who knows what to do and no one alone will have the resources to address the impacts of what we are currently facing. But, first and foremost, people must be taken care of. We must reassure and help the most vulnerable, and mobilize resources to enable them to overcome this situation with dignity. This is our commitment at the Council,” writes director Simon Brault.
COVID-19 case at ON university, two presumptive cases at N.B. institution
Trent University in Peterborough, Ontario, reported on Sunday that a man with ties to the university has tested positive for COVID-19. University president Leo Groarke added that local public health authorities have already been in touch with anyone he may have come into contact with.
As of Monday, the University New Brunswick has been monitoring the status of two presumptive cases of COVID-19 at the Fredericton campus. The university is working with New Brunswick Public Health on contact tracing, and the health authority is following up with anyone who might be in close contact with the individuals. In his statement, UNB president Paul Mazerolle acknowledged “that we do not have all the answers. I appreciate your patience and understanding as we work through this unprecedented situation.” He added that regular updates on the situation will be sent via UNB email and through UNB’s social media channels.
On Sunday, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada announced special measures to help temporary and permanent residents, including those here on study permits, who are affected by service disruptions due to the novel coronavirus. IRCC has published a website providing detailed information.
With the Government of Ontario declaring a state of emergency today, expect university buildings, libraries and other university facilities in the province to be closed to anyone but authorized visitors. Please check your institutions’ website for specific information.
More cancellations and advice
The Canadian Association for Graduate Studies has postponed all 3 Minute Thesis contests until further notice.
The Royal Society of Canada has prepared a list of its members who have expertise in the fields of infectious diseases, public health policy, and research ethics, among other subjects relevant to the current pandemic.
Need a Zoom bootcamp? UA columnist Jennifer Polk has prepared an open-access guide for beginners to the video conferencing platform. Find it here.
For higher-ed marketing and communications staff, Ken Steele of Eduvation has been keeping an updated post on communications best practices in response to COVID-19.
March 17, 2020 9:45 a.m. EST
Two universities report cases of COVID-19, and one gives the all-clear
Yesterday, the University of Calgary and Quebec City’s Université Laval announced that a member of their communities had tested positive for COVID-19.
In a statement, U of Calgary president Ed McCauley said that the person, who is affiliated with the university’s science department, has been in self-isolation and hadn’t been on campus since March 9. In short, “this individual did everything right.”
“As a result, they were not on campus while exhibiting symptoms,” he adds. “Communicable disease experts believe the risk of additional transmission was significantly reduced by these actions. Cleaning actions will further reduce transmission risk and we have closed the particular facilities associated with this individual until further notice.”
In light of this news, the university is speeding up its efforts to make student services remotely available as of today. It will also provide additional safety training for staffers who must come to campus, and will make accommodations for social distancing.
At ULaval, the law faculty was alerted by public health officials that a student had tested positive for COVID-19. As of this morning, the university is instructing community members who need to come to campus to pick up laptops, work documents or personal items to do so today or tomorrow. Access to campus buildings will be restricted to “authorized persons only.”
On Saturday, the University of Regina reported that two of its students who had been self-isolating on campus had tested negative for COVID-19.
How’s it going? Let us know
Are you an administrator, faculty of staff member at a Canadian university? We’d like to hear from you during these extraordinary times. Please send us a short report on your experiences/observations at your university to [email protected] and we’ll publish a collection of your stories here.
March 17, 2020 9:15 a.m. EST
There is a growing push among some universities to get students to leave campus residences as soon as possible. In a message by University of Waterloo president Feridun Hamdullahpur just after 9:00 p.m. last night, he said, “We are strongly encouraging all students to make arrangements to move out of residence by noon on Friday, March 20.”
The University of Guelph is also asking students “to vacate their residences as soon as possible.”
Wilfrid Laurier University is more emphatic, declaring: “The university is requiring all students to move out of Laurier-operated residences at all campus locations by Wednesday, March 18 at 11:59 p.m. We recognize how disruptive this will be as you move out of the space you’ve called home and we’re committed to supporting you through this process.” Only under exceptional circumstances will students be permitted to remain in residence beyond Wednesday, it says. “Students should consider all options, including staying with relatives or friends.”
Students who may be able to remain in residence include:
- International students;
- Out-of-province students who need extra time to move out;
- Students who live more than five hours away from campus; and
- Students who are currently self-isolating.
Likewise, Brock University has announced that its student residences will be closing this week, and all remaining students, excluding exceptional circumstances, will be required to move out of their residence rooms by 6 p.m. on Thursday, March 19. The only exception to this “will be students who can demonstrate that they have no other alternatives for accommodation.”
Shutting down St. Patrick’s Day celebrations
The University of Waterloo, among others, has another concern: unsanctioned street parties to celebrate St. Patrick’s Day today, March 17. The university tweeted: “With the known and rapidly growing global risks of COVID-19, we want to be explicit: going to Ezra Avenue in Waterloo or participating in other unsanctioned public gatherings to celebrate St. Patrick’s Day is irresponsible.”
Ezra Avenue, near the Wilfrid Laurier University campus, is known for its rowdy street parties. Laurier president Deb MacLatchy, also reached out, saying: “Do the right thing on St. Patrick’s Day.”
She continues: “We are in the midst of an extraordinary global health crisis. The world’s top experts are urging all of us to take dramatic action to stop the spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). This is not a joke. This is real. … As young adults, it’s true that you are least likely to become seriously ill from COVID-19. But you can easily transmit this virus to others who aren’t as strong as you — small children, grandparents, and those both young and old who have underlying health difficulties and compromised immune systems.
For this reason, I implore you not to be part of the unsanctioned street parties associated with St. Patrick’s Day or any other large public gathering.”
Queen’s University has a similar message. In a tweet, Queen’s principal Patrick Deane and the presidents of the school’s two student societies “urge Queen’s students not to participate in mass social gatherings on St. Patrick’s Day to help slow the spread of COVID-19.”
Despite warnings from various health agencies, students at Queen’s crowded streets this past Saturday to celebrate St Patrick’s Day.
And, just to show that it’s not just students who may be disregarding public health warnings, there’s this story from today’s Globe and Mail: “Not okay, boomer: Tensions mount between generations as some seniors resist social distancing.”
The shift to online learning
In what will likely become a slew of similar stories emerging over the next few weeks, educators are confronting the challenges of moving classes online or to alternative formats. In an article in the National Post, Thierry Karsenti, a Université de Montréal professor in information and communication technologies, says the sudden arrival of online teaching for all of a student’s courses is a major shift.
“Are teachers prepared? No,” he said in an interview. “But when you’re facing challenges, it’s one way to learn. It’s a good time to learn and to overcome these challenges.”
Dr. Karsenti, the who holds the Canada Research Chair on Communication Technologies in Education, has just published a list of nine free tools for online teaching (in English and French) that he says any teacher can use to provide their courses online.
Note, as we reported yesterday, that the Society for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education has developed a new website (www.keepteaching.ca) with resources to assist learning institutions make the shift to alternative forms of teaching. And also yesterday, UA columnist Andrea Eidinger yesterday implored her instructor colleagues to embrace “doing an OK job” as the sector navigates this massive transition.
March 16, 2020 3 p.m. EST
Today, the University of British Columbia has implemented a remote-work arrangement as a three-week pilot project. In addition to course instructors, the university is now requesting all faculty members, staff, graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and student staff to work from home, if possible.
At Carleton University, president Benoit-Antoine Bacon published the first of what will be daily letters to update the community. He notes in particular the university’s efforts to decrease density on campus by offering students living in residence pro-rated refunds on room fees and meal plans. (Some other institutions, including the University of Ottawa, have extended similar offers.) He also clarifies Carleton’s intention to support and accommodate international students who are unwilling or unable to return home at this time: “I want to reassure everyone that international students who cannot go home because of travel restrictions will be taken care of not only to the end of the term but this summer as well. This is the Carleton way – we take care of each other.”
Dr. Bacon’s letter refers to major announcements today from the provincial and federal governments. The federal government announced a ban on foreign nationals entering Canada, with some exceptions, beginning on March 18. In his statement, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau also advised Canadians abroad to return home immediately, while flights are still available.
March 16, 2020 12 p.m. EST
On recommendations of the Quebec government outlined last Friday, March 13, the entire public education system in Quebec, including universities, has shut down for an initial period of two weeks. For most of the province’s universities, that means libraries and labs are closed, and all but essential research activities are cancelled or ramping down. Université de Montréal, for example, has called for all research teams “to immediately stop face-to-face research activities until March 27 inclusive. Research laboratories must close; only activities that are essential to the maintenance of research facilities or activities associated with experiments already initiated and deemed crucial can continue.” Students, meanwhile, are asked “to avoid showing up on campus until further notice.”
As for student residences, “an analysis will be made to determine the type of access that can be safely maintained,” according to Université de Sherbrooke. The École de technologie supérieure, for its part, said residences remain accessible, but only for those students living in residence.
As in the rest of Canada, most Quebec universities will be turning to distance and online education on or before Monday, March 30. Université Laval announced it will begin a gradual transition to online, while Concordia University and McGill University said they plan to begin offering classes online on March 23 and 30 respectively.
Université de Sherbrooke has put together a list of online teaching resources for the university community. The school has also created chat groups for each course in the winter 2020 term. Université du Québec à Montréal has also published a list of platforms and tools to facilitate distance education for teachers and students (scroll down to “modalités d’enseignements à distance”).
March 16, 2020 9:30 a.m. EST
Nearly every public university in Canada has now suspended in-person classes, and most are saying this suspension will remain in effect for the rest of the winter term. There are a few exceptions, such as Memorial University and the University of Northern British Columbia, both of which have announced that in-person classes will continue until the end of day Wednesday, March 18. For the moment, university campuses and student residences remain open, although some non-essential services are being curtailed.
The plan for most universities is to transition to online formats for delivering their classes. Some universities have announced that this transition will begin immediately, while others have said by mid-week, and still others, such as the University of Prince Edward Island, University of New Brunswick and University of Waterloo, are putting classes on pause for a week – until next Monday, March 23 – to work out logistics. Some universities, including U of Waterloo, have already indicated that there will be no in-person exams this term.
The transition to online classes will be a major challenge for universities. A sudden paradigm shift of this magnitude has never been tried before in Canadian higher education.
Perhaps typical of the planning going on, and the messaging around this, is this update from the University of Lethbridge: “To support this transition, we have invested in new technology platforms that allow courses to be delivered in alternative formats, and will advise instructors how to prepare for remote delivery. Instructors will be assisted by a dedicated team of professionals during the two transition days so that they will be able to provide as robust an educational experience as possible, given the challenging circumstances.”
The Society for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, meanwhile, said it has compiled resources from its educational developer listservs on alternative approaches to teaching and learning. “Our goal is to collate and provide these curated resources to the broader teaching and learning community. To that end, STLHE and its Educational Developers Caucus have developed a new website (www.keepteaching.ca) with resources to assist learning institutions make this shift to protect our faculty, staff and students, while still promoting learning.”
“This new website includes a curated list of resources for teaching and assessment online, convenient links to information on well-being, and links to information on responses by learning institutions. This website will be constantly evolving as we continue to share content. If you have a resource to share for addition to the website, please contact us at [email protected] or through the contact form on the new website.”
March 13, 2020
Quebec classes cancelled for two weeks
The Government of Quebec announced today that all daycares, schools, CÉGEPs and universities in the province will be closed for two weeks as a precaution against the spread of COVID-19. As a consequence, all classes, other academic and administrative activities and events are suspended for two weeks as of Saturday. See examples of these announcements from Bishop’s University and (in French) at Université de Montréal.
Large classes nixed
As with the Government of Quebec, the governments in Ontario and British Columbia have banned all gatherings of 250 people or more. As a result, both the University of Victoria and the University of British Columbia have announced that all in-person classes with more than 250 students — and indeed all on-campus and off-campus events with more than 250 people — are cancelled. However, unlike in Ontario, where most universities have suspended all in-person classes starting today or on Monday, both UBC and UVic will continue with smaller in-person classes for now.
The latest: in similar wording from other Ontario universities, Nipissing University has announced it is cancelling all classes on Monday, March 16, and Tuesday, March 17, to provide faculty and academic support staff adequate time to prepare to deliver course content in alternative ways. Starting Wednesday, March 18 and for the remainder of the term, all classes will be offered through online or alternative means.
University of Guelph, too: no face-to-face classes will be held for the rest of the term. Courses will resume Monday, March 23 “in an alternative format delivery.” The university will remain open.
And Wilfrid Laurier University: no more in-person instruction for the remainder of the term; next week, “instructors will develop and communicate a plan for alternative instruction and assessment to enable students to fulfill learning outcomes and receive course credits.”
University of Winnipeg has suspended all in-person classes and labs for the remainder of the winter term, which ends on April 3. The campus remains open — including student residences, student support services, research support services and food services.
University of Waterloo has announced it is “suspending all activity for on-campus courses for one week, from March 14 to March 23. At the end of this suspension, all in-person course activity is cancelled until the end of term, including in-person final exams. Instructors are working on alternate ways to deliver remaining course work and exams/assessments.”
University of Ottawa: Classes on Monday, March 16, and Tuesday, March 17, 2020 are cancelled. As of Wednesday, March 18, all in-person classes and labs in the current (Winter 2020) term will be moved to distance and online learning formats for the rest of the semester. Plans are currently being developed for the exam period. Exams will not be taken in-person.
Brock University is suspending face-to-face classes for the rest of this academic term and is working on a plan to move to alternative forms of class and exam delivery. “The goal will be to resume virtual classes the week of Monday, March 23 for those instructors who are able to mount their classes in a virtual environment.” The university’s campuses remain open, including student residences, and researchers and grad students will have access to their labs.
From Queen’s University: “starting on Monday, all undergraduate (excluding health professional programs) will be suspended for one week after which we will communicate our plans for alternative delivery. We need to take time to assess how our educational programs will proceed. The university will maintain all operations. Some students may decide to return home and that is left to individual choice. Residences will remain open.”
As of Monday, March 16, until Friday, April 3, the University of Toronto is cancelling “all in-person undergraduate and research-stream Masters and Doctoral courses across U of T’s three campuses, and we will provide that teaching by other means.” (Classes today will continue as planned.) With respect to professional programs, “consultation is ongoing today to determine the appropriate course of action.” University operations continue, and all three U of T campuses remain open.
Ryerson University just announced, as of today, it will be will begin to move to online formats. “The week of March 16 will be a week of transition for the university, allowing faculty and staff time to explore and implement alternate forms of program delivery. All courses will have these alternate arrangements finalized by Monday, March 23.” Further actions: Effective immediately, all university-sanctioned international travel by students and staff is cancelled until August 31 or further notice; all discretionary Ryerson events on and off-campus scheduled from now until May 1 are being cancelled or postponed, including those planned by student groups.
Carleton University has cancelled classes for Monday, March 16 and Tuesday, March 17 “to give teaching staff time to prepare for alternative modes of content delivery. … Starting Wednesday, March 18 and for the remainder of the term, instruction will be delivered through online and other means. Instructors will make arrangements to complete their classes in the way that is most appropriate for their course material and learning objectives, and they will be communicating these plans with students.”
McMaster University is suspending in-person classes at the end of today, March 13. “Instructors will let students know by March 18 how the remainder of their course work will be managed and grades evaluated so they can complete their credits.” No in-person exams will be held at the end of the term. All discretionary events at the university had already been cancelled as of yesterday.
Trent University is suspending classes as of now and “plans to deliver its classes online or through other alternative means of delivery beginning Wednesday, March 18.”
York University also just announced that, beginning on Monday, March 16, all face-to-face instruction will be suspended as the university moves courses to online formats. The university added that it “is committed to completing the term and will deploy all of our resources to support faculty and students through this transition.”
Western University announced yesterday evening that it has cancelled classes starting today, March 13 and lasting until Tuesday, March 17, inclusively. This short break is intended “to provide instructors and academic support staff adequate time to prepare to deliver course content in alternative ways.” Then, as of Wednesday, March 18 and for the remainder of the term, Western will be moving its classes online. Clinical placements will continue in their current mode, and all university buildings remain open.
Ontario Tech University also cancelled classes effective today, “as we ask our faculty to transition toward online forms of delivery.” Further communication will be provided on Monday, March 16 at the latest.
University of Calgary, University of Alberta and University of Lethbridge have also all suspended classes for today. The temporary suspension, according to U of C, “will allow consultation with public health experts, government officials and other postsecondary institutions on appropriate next steps.”
Similarly, Concordia University has cancelled all classes from March 13 to 15, and libraries will be closed. As for what happens as of March 16, “we are finalizing plans for alternative forms of delivery and will be communicating on this shortly.” McGill University has suspended classes and exams for today, while other university operations are expected to be carried out normally. No word yet on what happens after that.
Concordia, McGill and all other Quebec universities are also affected by a Quebec government decree announced by Premier François Legault yesterday banning all indoor gatherings of more than 250 people. As a Université de Montréal statement specified, this includes all courses and other face-to-face teaching activities that bring together more than 250 students.
U de M has also canceled all international teaching and research activities, regardless of whether the region is under an active COVID-19 warning. Significantly, this edict will be in effect “until the fall term” (most universities have not specified how long travel restrictions may be in effect). The university has further cancelled all professional-related travel outside of Quebec for administrative and support personnel, again until the fall.
As well, the university recommends that all members of the university community avoid any personal travel abroad. “Community members who do not respect these guidelines should be aware that they may not be covered by UdeM insurance, both for medical expenses and for cancellation of trips,” reads the statement (in French).
HEC Montréal, meanwhile, announced that all non-essential events not related to teaching and research are cancelled “until further notice.”
March 12, 2020
Perhaps the most significant event in the past 24 hours was the announcement yesterday that Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario, was suspending classes immediately “as a precaution.” As of today, March 12, all classes will be “moved to online delivery until further notice.” The university also suspended all other “in-person activities such as laboratories.”
“With a known case of the virus in our community, we aim to take proactive measures to prevent the spread of this illness. We understand that changes in our day-to-day operations will create challenges and disruptions, however, we believe the risk of not taking action is of greater concern to our community,” said the statement.
The move by Laurentian was spurred by the announcement that an individual from Sudbury, who had attended the Prospectors and Developers Conference (PDAC) in Toronto, had tested positive for COVID-19. “As with every year, Laurentian had a major presence at the PDAC, including many members of our community who attended,” said a statement.
Risk assessed as “low”
So far, no other public Canadian universities have announced the cancellation of in-person classes. Most universities, in their communications to their campuses – such as this statement from the University of British Columbia – are deferring to the Public Health Agency of Canada, which currently assesses the public health risk associated with COVID-19 as low.
Many universities are reporting that they have plans in place if classes are cancelled. York University, for example, states that, “We have developed a comprehensive plan to ensure that we can complete the academic term in the event that we are required for health and safety reasons to reduce face-to-face classroom instruction.”
Travel, study abroad, Congress
Quite a few universities have cancelled all study-abroad initiatives and suspended most work-related travel. The University of Alberta, for example, has declared that “all travel outside Alberta not considered vital to the academic mission of the university is … suspended.”
McMaster University, meanwhile, has decided to end “all undergraduate and graduate student international travel for McMaster-related activities,” effective immediately. Graduate students with specific circumstances can request a waiver, which requires “written approval of either the provost or the vice-provost, international.”
At Western University, president Alan Shepard announced that the university “has cancelled future university-sanctioned travel for all students” and strongly encourages faculty and staff to defer travel to countries with active health notices for COVID-19. “We are also receiving inquiries related to Congress 2020 and Convocation and, at this time, it is premature to make decisions as these events are months away,” he said. (Western hosts this year’s Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences, from May 30 to June 5.)
In an update today, Congress organizers have stated that “if Congress does not go ahead, all attendees will be eligible for a full refund of their Congress fee. Refunds of association conference fees will be managed on a case-by-case basis, based on association’s contingency plans.”
On March 10, according to UNESCO, the crisis is now impacting close to 363 million learners worldwide, from the pre-primary to tertiary level, including 57.8 million students in higher education. One in five students worldwide is staying away from school due to the COVID-19 crisis and an additional one in four is being kept out of higher education establishments. Fifteen countries have ordered nationwide school closures and 14 have implemented localized closures, spanning Asia, Europe, the Middle East and North America. These numbers are now almost certainly out of date.
In the U.S. alone, over the past several days, more than 200 universities and colleges, including institutions such as Princeton, MIT and Berkeley, have announced they are suspending or cancelling classes, with a plan to transition courses to online platforms (see an updated spreadsheet here). Some universities, such as Harvard, have asked students not to return to campus at all, including to student dormitories, after the spring recess, which at Harvard runs from March 14 to March 22.
Have your say
How has COVID-19 affected your institution? The Canadian Bureau for International Education is conducting a 5-to-10-minute survey “to better understand how Canadian education institutions have been impacted by COVID-19.” CBIE will analyze the survey findings and plans to publish an anonymized special report “which will inform the sector’s ongoing advocacy and communications related to the COVID-19 outbreak.” Surveys must be completed by end of day tomorrow, March 13.
Canada’s Tri-Agencies (CIHR, NSERC and SSHRC) announced last week that funds will be made available to reimburse fees accrued by researchers who’ve had to cancel grant-related travel due to COVID-19 restrictions.